Models of Scientific Communities:

I am building formal models of scientific communities to answer questions like: how can industry influence the public understanding of science?  How do communication structures impact the emergence of scientific consensus?  And: What can idealized models tell us about complicated scientific communities?  In addition to the work here, look under the next heading for models of diverse groups in science.  And see my book project The Misinformation Age.

The Dynamics of Retraction in Epistemic Networks, with Travis LaCroix and Anders Geil, working paper 2019

Social Epistemology, with Alvin Goldman, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2019

False Beliefs and the Social Structure of Science: Some Models and Case Studies, with James Owen Weatherall, for Groupthink in Science, working paper 2019

How to Beat Science and Influence People, with James Owen Weatherall and Justin P. Bruner, The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, forthcoming 2018 (a talk on this paper)

Endogenous Epistemic Factionalization, with James Owen Weatherall, Working Paper 2018

Do as I Say, Not as I Do, or, Conformity in Scientific Networks, with James Owen Weatherall, Working Paper 2017

The Natural Selection of Conservative Science, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science A, Special Issue, 2019

Scientific Polarization, (official link) with James Owen Weatherall, European Journal for Philosophy of Science, 2018

In Epistemic Networks, Is Less Really More?, (official link) with Sarita Rosenstock and Justin P. Bruner, Philosophy of Science, 2017

Modeling Inequality:

I’m using evolutionary modeling to understand issues related to diversity such as: How do discriminatory norms arise between social groups?  How does power influence strategic behavior between academics?  How do gender and class emerge in societies?  Also, check out my book project The Origins of Unfairness.

Inequality and Inequity in the Emergence of Conventions. (official link) with Calvin Cochran, Politics, Philosophy, and Economics, 2019

Power by Association, with Travis Lacroix, Working Paper 2018

Modeling Minimal Conditions for Inequity, Working Paper 2017

 Promoting Diverse Collaborations, with Michael Schneider and Hannah Rubin,  In The Dynamics of Science: Computational Frontiers in History and Philosophy of Science, forthcoming

The Emergence of Intersectional Disadvantage, (official link) with Liam K. Bright and Justin P. Bruner, Social Epistemology, 2019

Discrimination and Collaboration in Science, (official link) with Hannah Rubin, Philosophy of Science, 2018 (also see this video of a talk on this paper)

The Cultural Red King Effect, (official linkJournal of Mathematical Sociology, 2017, note this version was updated in 2019 to correct a small error

Dynamics and Diversity in Epistemic Communities, (official link) with Justin P. Bruner, Erkenntnis, 2017

Power, Bargaining, and Collaboration, with Justin P. Bruner, in Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge, 2017

Moral Emotions and Naturalized Ethics:

I’m using tools from evolutionary modeling to assess and expand work in philosophy on the evolution of moral emotions.

Methods Models and the Evolution of Moral Psychology, in Oxford Handbook of Moral Psychology, forthcoming

The Evolution of Guilt: a Model Based Approach, (official linkPhilosophy of Science, 2015

When it’s Good to Feel Bad: An Evolutionary Model of Guilt and Apology, (official link) with Sarita Rosenstock, Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 2018

Guilt, Games, and Evolution, (official link) for Emotions Researcher, 2016

Deus Ex Machina: a Cautionary Tale For Naturalists , (official link) with P. Kyle Stanford, Elliott Wagner, and Nathan Fulton, Analyse & Kritik, 2012

Categories, Generalization, and Vagueness:

In my thesis project, I completed a cluster of related papers which applied the same game theoretic model – the sim-max game – to several interrelated problems including the evolution of linguistic vagueness, linguistic ambiguity, perceptual categories, learning generalization, and cluster kinds terms.

The Evolution of Vagueness, (official link), Erkenntnis, 2014

Evolving Perceptual Categories, (official linkPhilosophy of Science, 2014

Evolving to Generalize: Trading Precision for Speed, (official linkBJPS, 2017

Ambiguity is Kinda Good, Sometimes, (official linkPhilosophy of Science, 2015

Games and Kinds, (official linkBJPS, 2017

Experimental Economics in Philosophy:

I’m part of a group using methods from experimental economics to investigate philosophical questions.  We’re addressing questions related to the emergence of language and the emergence of inequality.

On the Emergence of Minority Disadvantage: Testing the Red King Hypothesis, with Aydin Mohseni and Hannah Rubin, Synthese, forthcoming

Experimental Economics for Philosophers, (link to volume) with Hannah Rubin and Justin Bruner, in Methodological Advances in Experimental Philosophy, 2019

David Lewis in the Lab: Experimental Results on the Emergence of Meaning, (official link) with Justin Bruner, Hannah Rubin, and Simon Huttegger, Synthese, 2014

Communication Without the Cooperative Principle: a Signaling Experiment with Hannah Rubin, Justin P. Bruner, and Simon Huttegger, Working Paper, 2015


Black Holes, Black-Scholes, and Prairie Voles: as Essay Review of Simulation and Similarity by Michael Weisberg, (official link) with Jim Weatherall, Philosophy of Science, 2017

Review of Peter Godfrey-Smith’s Philosophy of Biology, (official linkPhilosophy of Science, 2015

Review of Peter Godfrey-Smith’s Darwinian Populations, (official linkPhilosophy of Science, 2012


I took part in an interdisciplinary meeting to clarify current thinking on sexual selection and recommend avenues of new research.

Sexual Selection: a NESCent Catalyst Meeting, with fifteen interdisciplinary researchers, 2013